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Caracal caracal 

Linguistics
Actual scientific name :   Caracal caracal 
     
Old scientific name :    
     
French name :   Caracal; Lynx du désert; Lynx de Perse
     
English name :   Caracal
     
Vernacular name :  
Mbwangongo (Kikaonde); Lubwabwa ( Kilala); kabwalala (Kiluba) ; mbwangongu (Lunda) ; lubwabwa (Kibemba) ; Simbamangu (Kiswahili)
 


 

Zoology
Call :  
     
Description :   Reddish-fawn on back and flanks, white on belly, chest and chin. Ears are long, pointed, blackish on the outside and with a tuft of long black hair at tips. A black line runs from the eye to the nose. There is a black patch on each side of the muzzle.
Tail is notably shorter than that of other cats.
Total length: between 83 and 123 cm (with a tail of 23 to 31 cm), shoulder height: 45 cm, weight: between 15and 18 kg. 
     
Habitat :   Savannah, woodland, brushes.  
     
Behaviour :   Nocturnal. Good climbers.
Their social organisation is not well understood yet. Solitary or in pairs. They seem to defend their territories and mark them with urine.
They live for up to 12 years.  
     
Diet :   Small mammals such as young antelopes, rodents, dassies, birds and hares. 
     
Life history :   After a gestation period of 69 to 78 days, females give birth to a litter of 1 to 6 kittens that are nursed for 10 to 25 weeks. They reach their sexual maturity at the age of 2. 
     
Distribution in Katanga :   view map  
 
 
History, Ethnology, Sociology
Interactions with humans :   Avoids zones that are inhabited nby humans. 
     
Taboos :    
     
Legends, believes, folklore :    
     
Fishing, hunting :   Occasionally killed by poachers who hunt with dazzling fires. 
     
Feeding :   Traditionally, was not consumed by populations from Katanga. 
     
Breeding, taming :    
     
Uses of skin or other body parts :    
  


Warning :

This database was established according to official pieces of work and with the help of famous scientists. However, there might be some errors.

The vernacular names were collected in the field and in the colonial literature from the first part of the 20th century. The monks who established the first dictionaries were not necessarily informed naturalists. Therefore, errors must have been committed.

We invite everyone who could help us to improve this working tool to contact us in order to correct us and share her/his knowledge with us.



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